Ethical review means advance scrutiny and evaluation of a research plan in the light of the ethical practices generally followed in that particular discipline of science, with special emphasis on preventing any harm that the research or its results might cause to the research subject.
In Finland, the Medical Research Act and Decree (488/1999) regulates medical research involving human beings.
For non-medical research involving human participants, the Finnish National Board on Research Integrity TENK has issued a set of guidelines on the ethical principles to be followed: The ethical principles of research with human participants and ethical review in the human sciences in Finland. Finnish National Board on Research Integrity TENK guidelines 2019 (PDF).
Watch a video: Ethical review in the human sciences in Finland (on YouTube)